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10 Curious Facts About Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition wherein the body is unable to regulate itself, either by producing insufficient amounts of insulin or proving resistant to insulin. It has a laundry list of horrible side effects, not limited to amputations and blindness, and numbers are at an all-time high. Although linked to obesity, diabetes affects people of all body types, many who barely have enough to eat.

According to the International Diabetes Federation, around 382 million people in the world are afflicted, a number they estimate will rise to 592 million by 2035. While medications and careful health management can greatly prolong life, in places like sub-Saharan Africa where such resources are limited, 75 percent of diabetes deaths occur in people under the age of 60.

10 Whiskey

1- whiskey]

Diabetes mellitus literally means sweet urine, as those with the disease tend to pass a great deal of sugar when they pee. Before modern testing methods, doctors would actually taste a patient’s urine if they suspected the person had diabetes. Luckily, those days have passed, but bizarrely enough, people continue to drink the urine of diabetics.

James Gilpin of London produces Gilpin Family Whiskey, which takes the urine of elderly diabetes patients and filters it, then adds it to mash. The sugar in the urine begins the fermentation process, and within a few weeks, a perfectly serviceable whiskey is produced-though Gilpin claims it is better if aged awhile in the bottle. Gilpin Family Whiskey is not sold; rather, it is freely distributed as a public health statement.

9 Wilford Brimley

3- Wilford_Brimley

If anyone could be considered the face of diabetes, it would be Wilford Brimley. Known for his portrayals of gruff, stodgy old men, Brimley has been in dozens of films, including The Natural, Cocoon, and The Firm, along with commercials for Quaker Oats. Since developing diabetes in 1979, Brimley has been a tireless advocate for those with the disease, visiting hospitals and counseling the sick.

He has also served as the spokesman for Liberty Medical, which delivers diabetes supplies to your door. Bizarrely enough, Brimley has invited a great deal of controversy from his other hobbies-among other pursuits, he loves attending cockfights and has fought to keep the vicious bloodsport from being banned.

8 Animals

7- dog

Humans aren’t the only animals that can suffer from diabetes. Unfortunately, our furry friends can get it as well. Male cats and female dogs are more likely to develop the condition than their counterparts. Diabetes in animals has many of the same causes as it does in humans- namely, genetics, diet, and lack of exercise. Owners tend to baby their pets, showering them with treats and table scraps. Likewise, most animals no longer have a job to do; they lounge around the house and maybe take a jaunt around the block once in a while.

While chubby cats and dogs might amuse on YouTube, their chances of diabetes skyrocket with every extra tick of the scale. Like humans, they need insulin to maintain their health. There are both oral and injectable insulin medications available for animals, but dogs typically don’t respond to oral insulin. Small dogs usually need around two shots a day, while larger ones can usually get by on one. And as you can imagine, this can get very, very expensive.

7 Blindness

8- blind

Another one of the awful symptoms of diabetes is damage to the capillaries and blood vessels of the eyes. Those affected can suffer from blurry vision or outright blindness. Conditions like cataracts and glaucoma are exacerbated by diabetes, but the most common issue is diabetic retinopathy. Retinopathy occurs in four increasingly destructive stages, wherein the blood vessels that supply the retina become swollen and blocked.

As it progresses, the walls of the vessels become extremely thin, and can eventually begin leaking. This will initially manifest itself as something like floating spots in your field of vision, but can get far worse in the case of a bad leak. According to the American Diabetes Association, 28.5 percent of diabetics age 40 and over suffer from some form of retinopathy.

6 Insulin

5- insulin

The peptide hormone insulin was not discovered until 1921. Prior to this, developing Type I diabetes was essentially a death sentence, and hospitals had wards full of languishing children. Insulin was first isolated at the University of Toronto by a collaborative team led by scientist Frederick Banting. The first person to be administered the insulin-which they derived from an ox-was a 14-year-old named Leonard Thompson, who was dying in Toronto General Hospital. He received his first shot on January 11, 1922.

Unfortunately, the insulin they used was impure. They gave Thompson an improved batch 12 days later, and his health immediately improved. They then went on to give insulin to dozens of dying children and stood back to watch the miracle of their discovery take root. The following year, Banting was granted the Nobel Prize in Medicine. Banting and his team could have potentially made billions from insulin, but they had the greater good in mind when they sold the patent to the University of Toronto for a half dollar.

5 History

6- Josef_von_Mering

Diabetes has plagued humankind for thousands of years, and was described in ancient Egyptian manuscripts dating back to 1550 B.C. Not surprisingly, the disease was somewhat rare in the past. While the pyramids were being cobbled together, there weren’t any 24-hour doughnut franchises, and most people survived on a subsistence diet. Those who did manifest the familiar symptoms probably had Type I diabetes (which only makes up about 10 percent of cases today).

Doctors in India also recognized diabetes during this era. They called it madhumeha-honey urine-and recorded that it would attract ants. The link between diabetes and the pancreas was not established until 1889, when physicians Oscar Minkowski and Joseph von Mering became interested in just how the pancreas fit into the digestive process. The men removed a dog’s pancreas, and a few days later clouds of flies were found feeding on the dog’s urine, which was rich in sugar.

4 Types

2- types

There are at least three different types of diabetes, and possibly several more yet unclassified. Type I diabetes is particularly insidious, as it typically manifests in young children and is unrelated to lifestyle. Type II is generally linked to poor health choices, like overeating, lack of exercise, and prolonged stress. Pregnant women may develop the third type, gestational diabetes, which can be harmful to both the mother and the child. Gestational diabetes tends to clear up or greatly improve after birth.

In recent years, scientists have also begun suggesting that Alzheimer’s disease may actually be a form of diabetes. They assert that the brain, along with the rest of the body, becomes resistant to insulin, and develops the protein plaques that essentially destroy cognition. While the link between diabetes and Alzheimer’s has not been fully realized, it is recognized that those with diabetes have at least double the chances of developing dementia later in life.

3 Diet

4- diet

The link between sugar consumption and diabetes is fairly well established; studies indicate that sugar affects the liver and pancreas in ways that other foods do not, eventually serving to make the make the body resistant to insulin. One source of sugar in our diets that people often don’t consider is the consumption of beverages.

Iced tea, fruit juice, and particularly soda contain massive amounts of the stuff-one 12-ounce can of Coca-Cola contains an astonishing 39 grams of sugar, more than a Snickers bar. Considering many people will indulge in three or four cans a day without batting an eye, the toll on the body can be huge.

Other foods may also play a part in the development of the disease. Nitrates (which are also carcinogenic) may affect the DNA and promote diseases linked with aging, including diabetes, Alzheimer’s, and Parkinson’s. Nitrates are found everywhere, especially in cured meats, bacon, cheese, and beer.

2 Coma

killer and victim

Those with severe diabetes must frequently check their blood sugar levels. Should they become too high (hyperglycemia) or fall too low (hypoglycemia), you run the risk of falling into a diabetic coma. Luckily, other symptoms, like increased thirst, fever, and headache, tend to manifest themselves first and allow the person to seek help before becoming unconscious.

Prior to the 1970s, when blood glucose meters were invented, this tended to happen quite frequently. Diabetic comas are particularly dangerous to people living alone who may go undiscovered. If left untreated, it can cause permanent brain damage, even death. Tragically enough, diabetic motorists can also be responsible for more than their fair share of car accidents, as drops in glucose can bring on sudden disorientation and vision problems.

1 Amputations

10 amputation

Diabetes, as we’ve mentioned, comes with a laundry list of complications. One of the worst is a condition called diabetic neuropathy, which is damage to the blood vessels that supply the nerves. This presents itself as a numb, painful, tingling sensation, particularly in the feet. Often, diabetics also suffer from peripheral arterial diseases, which restricts blood-flow to the feet.

These conditions in conjunction are a recipe for disaster-the skin becomes dry and sensitive, and is more likely to develop ulcers. The lack of circulation makes infection difficult to fight off, and even with prompt medical treatment, amputation is often necessary. In the United States alone, approximately 65,700 lower-limb amputations were performed in 2006 as a result of diabetes.

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Latest Top 10 Most Commented on Lists

Not so long ago we did a list on the Top 10 Most Commented On Lists. It was a moderately popular list (as all our meta lists are) which starred as its top item the Top 10 Stephen King Books at 240 comments. I am pleased to say that that list is now only 9th on our list of the most commented. It seemed appropriate to revisit this topic after Christmas especially as we move in to our second 6 months of existence as a site! So, here are our overall top 10 most commented on lists to date.

10. Top 10 Most Evil Men


Total Comments: 239

This is an interesting one on the previous list of most popular comments, the Top 10 Most Evil Women ranked as number 3 with 184 comments. Now it is no where to be seen while the evil men have made an appearance. As you can probably imagine, George Bush Junior made an appearance in the comments and that is always guaranteed to incite a riot. And a riot we had! Loose_Cannon, Bucslim, and Frank had a rather excited debate about 9/11, Bush, and someone called Dick Cheney (I don’t know who he is). Fun reading be sure to check it out! Oh and whether you like it or not, Josef Stalin is still number 1 on the list!

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9. Your View: What is the Most Influential Movie?


Total Comments: 239

So far we have only had 7 Your View posts and this one is number 5. It sparked a great deal of interest in our readers (probably because they all seem to be film experts in one way or another). I am not sure that we really came to a conclusion on which was the best, but I think Citizen Kane came close (luckily it was my pick!) If you are sitting at home and wondering what movies to download, check out the comments on this list. I am pretty sure ThePirateBay can accommodate everyone!

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8. Top 15 Stephen King Books


Total Comments: 256

This is the only list which has made both the original and this list of top commented lists. Clearly Stephen King is an author with a large following on the List Universe. In fact, not only was this list on the first list of most commented, it was the number one list! No doubt it was helped along a little by the competition which awarded a book to every 100 commenters, but the quality of the list and the love of a good scare helped it along.

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7. Top 10 Discontinued Sodas

Drugstore Sodafountain

Total Comments: 258

How could this list not do well? Who doesn’t like a good soda on a hot summer day? Fortunately we have a lot of readers who remember the 80s and many of these defunct sodas were a big feature of that flamboyant era. Our only mistake? Leaving off Pepsi Blue. Thanks to StewWriter for this list which ultimately turned out to be his swan song!

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6. Top 20 Beers


Total Comments: 274

I don’t like beer. I have not made any effort to conceal the fact. If I want to stuff my face with bitter tasting drinks/food, I will eat dandelions. Beer is inferior to Cocktails so I will restrict myself to cocktail lists (as I have done so far). Having said that, beer is a very popular drink and this list really incited some rage. This was the first time I had to turn instant comments off and put everyone in to the moderation queue just to keep the site up. This list hit the front page of Fark which meant we got an immense amount of traffic in a very short time. I love people’s comments so I was very sad to have to disable commenting but at least all of your views were aired the next morning when the worst of it was over.

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5. Your View: What is the Best Rock Album


Total Comments: 291

I must confess I planned this Your View knowing how sensitive people were on the site to rock music. I just knew it would cause a stir and it did! On our first list of top commented lists, the Beatles list featured prominently (position 2 in fact) because of a fight regarding the Beatles versus Led Zeppelin I knew that this might occur again and I was not disappointed! Your View has now taken two top spots on this list it is not going to go away!

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4. Top 16 Awesome Fast Food Restaurants

Fast Food Burger Fries

Total Comments: 328

Okay so we are all spending a lot of time on the net. For many of us that means no time for cooking. The solution? Fast Food! It can not come as a surprise to any of us that a list about fast food joints is going to be popular. Even those of us that have never heard of many of these places loved the list because this is food that sums up our innermost desires quick, easy, cheap, and tasty! Fortunately we balance things out with real food lists but frankly, you can not beat a Big Mac. Congrats to BrotherMan for such a popular list!

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3. Your View: What is the Best Movie?


Total Comments: 390

This was the first of our new Your View series where we ask the readers (that means you!) to tell us what you think, instead of you simply taking our word. Obviously this was a popular choice of topic because we have so many intelligent film buffs that really know their stuff who read our lists. As I mentioned earlier, it is very hard to make a final decision on which film won out, but I will do so anyway! The best movie, according to you is The Godfather. Good choice it was my pick too!

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2. Top 20 Geek Movies of All Time

Steve Ballmer2

Total Comments: 574

So frankly most of us are geeks if we weren’t we wouldn’t be glued to our monitors every day reading the latest comment on the List Universe. This list had to be a winner, and, indeed, it was. These are the films that inspired us and ultimately led us to jobs in the geek industries whether it be regular geek (read IT developers) or artistic geek (read designers). Granted, the list awarded a prize to every 100th commenter, but this is a topic that means so much to all of us that this list would have featured here regardless.

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1. Top 10 Bizarre Biblical Tales


Total Comments: 1,165

You did not read that wrong this list has reached over one thousand one hundred comments! This is virtually a miracle not even Digg, Fark, and Reddit get that many comments on their posts! And believe it or not, despite the controversial nature of the topic, most of the comments were fair and polite. We had barely any personal attacks and I am certain that every person reading this list learnt at least one thing from the opposing team. Congratulations to the List Universe readers for being so open minded and generous with their comments! I am truly impressed (yet again).

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Picture 1-23

This site has done well in the popularity stakes, not because of my writing, but because of your well reasoned and intelligent comments. The 10 lists above represent 4,014 (four thousand and fourteen) comments. That is an astounding number of well thought out comments. To celebrate, I have made a new tee-shirt for the site which you can see above. If you want to buy one of these shirts, visit the List Universe Online Store. If you think you might prefer something else, we have heaps of great gear in the store so check it out anyway! All proceeds go to the upkeep of the site. Thank you all for your great comments and brilliant attitude!

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Which Rory Gilmore Are You?

Are you gonna steal a yacht, or are you gonna read a lot?

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  10. WB

Which Rory Gilmore Are You?

  1. You got: Existential Crisis Rory

    Maybe you’re just going through some things right now. Or maybe you just heard some life-altering advice or news. Either way, knowing you, you’ll bounce back quickly!

    WB / Via

  2. You got: College Dropout/Party Rory

    Occasionally, it takes some time to figure out the right path for you in life. And that’s ok! Just remember to float back down at some point.

    WB / Via

  3. You got: In Puppy Love Rory

    You’re young and in love! Nothing can stop you! Keep that feel-good attitude going for as long as you can. Everyone around you must be pretty happy for you, too.

    WB / Via

  4. You got: Serious Journalist Rory

    You take your work very seriously, but there’s nothing wrong with that. Don’t forget to stop and smell the roses, though. Nothing can stop you on your path to fame and notoriety!

    WB / Via

  5. You got: Fast Talkin’ Rory

    Get a little coffee or food in you, and you’re on your way to talking literally a mile a minute. You’ve got a lot of wit that needs to escape you, that’s all! Let it all out, and you’ll feel better.

    WB / Via

  6. You got: Bingewatching Some TV Rory

    Sometimes you just need to park yourself on your couch for hours at a time and get sucked into the world of someone else for a while and there’s nothing wrong with that! Embrace your free time, grab a snack, and get to work!

    WB / Via

  7. You got: Needs to Eat at Luke’s Rory

    There’s a difference between needing to eat and needing to eat at Luke’s. His diner must have healing powers and you’re ready to receive them all. Make sure to order extra so you have leftovers!

    WB / Via

  8. You got: Nervous College Freshman Rory

    Just because you have some mild anxiety right now shouldn’t keep you down for long. Some big life changes are ahead, but that just means you’ll have more opportunity to excel. You can do it!

    WB / Via

  9. You got: High School Book Nerd Rory

    You’ve got heavy books and a big heart. You’re working toward some serious goals, and no one will get in your way. But if they do, you’ll just have a heart-to-heart with them until they see that you’re actually correct.

    WB / Via


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American Healthy Food ! Easy homemade hot dog chilli recipe HD

Easy, quick, homemade hot dog chili recipe! No need to buy a can of hot dog chili when you probably have all the ingredients right there in your kitchen! Let’s cook up a pot of flavorful hot dog chili simmered in herbs, spices and beef broth.

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27 Ingenious Ways To Stay Cool This Summer

Hi, this is you.

Summer is long, man.

But you could be THIS instead.

V. cool dog.

1. Buy a fan that operates through your phone.

Like those little plastic jobs you always used to have at summer camp, only 100000000x cooler. Get it here.

2. Invest* in an ice-vest.

*Ha. Get it here.

3. Train a hummingbird to be your loyal friend and face-fanner.

4. Get an umbrella-fan to counteract summer thunderstorms.

Why do you think she’s smiling so big? Available here.

5. Minty gum + cold water = instant relief.

6. Make sure your pets are nice and chilly too.

Crate fan available here.


Find a variety of *pupsicle* recipes here.

8. And your baby.

Get the stroller cooling system here.


Freeze toys for an icy excavation game.

10. Chill your beverage instantly.

11. Harness the power of a good old-fashioned ice cube.

12. Or give them a makeover.

Death Star tray available here.


Shark fin tray available here.


Fruit cube directions here.

15. Make the world’s best iced coffee.

16. Squeeze lemons the RIGHT way.

All it takes are a pair of salad tongs.

17. Get a bed fan to make nights bearable.

OMG want.

18. Make your own cooling face mist.

Perfect for the beach. Directions here.

19. If you get really desperate, try your hand at a DIY AC.

We believe in you. Directions here.


This is clearly a huge waste of electricity, but desperate times et cetera.

21. Chill beauty products like facial toner for a quick jolt of relief.

22. Get a pitcher with a teabag filter so you can cold-brew tea.

You won’t have to worry about steaming up your kitchen and waiting for it to cool. Available here.

23. Make a paper fan to put the rest to shame.

Plus the project might help distract you from your own creeping discomfort for a few minutes. Directions here.

24. Chill your beer without watering it down.

Just freeze water in a small cup.

25. Spice up a boring ceiling fan.

Directions here.

26. Make sure you’re drinking enough water by labeling your bottle.

27. Use a wet towel as a blanket and settle in for a long, long nap.

I feel you, buddy.

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29 Ways To Cook Chicken On A Stovetop

Chris Ritter

Chicken gets a bad rap for being overexposed. But for easy, healthy dinners, it’s hard to beat. Come summer, though, things get tricky. Roasting a chicken is out of the question because cranking up your oven for two hours when it’s ninety degrees outside is masochism. As for grilling – all the amazing looking chicken recipes on food blogs this time of year are grilled – which is really annoying if you don’t own a grill, btw.

The best option for many people? Stovetop. Cooking chicken on a stovetop is a little intimidating, though, and it shouldn’t be. Follow these recipes and check out a few more tips at the bottom of the post. WE CAN’T LET THE HEAT AND THE PEOPLE WITH GORGEOUS OUTDOOR SPACE AND GRILLS WIN!

Breasts (left, center): Should be boneless. And usually without skin. You can also slice them into smaller pieces or buy them pre-sliced.

Thighs (right): Bone-in or boneless, skin on or skinless, whole or cut up. They are magic.

Option 1 (left): Pound out (or butterfly) a full boneless chicken breast to an even thickness. This way, it will cook evenly on the skillet.

Option 2 (center): Cut it into smaller pieces (or, you can buy it pre-cut) and sear in skillet.

Option 3 (right): Poach whole or sliced chicken breasts – meaning, gently simmer them in some delicious liquid with spices and herbs.

If you use thighs, anything goes.

Pan-seared chicken thighs (direction here) with the skin on and the bone in are so delicious any which way. Or, you can buy boneless skinless thighs, which are great cut-up in stir fries (pictured right).

1. Chicken Scallopini with White Wine Tomato Sauce

Recipe here.

2. Firecracker Chicken

You have no excuse to order takeout. Recipe here.

3. Poached Chicken Salad Sandwiches

Recipe here.

4. Bacon-Wrapped Chicken Tenders

Four ingredients. One pan. No sweat. Recipe here.

5. Garlic Chicken Pasta with Spinach

Bowties are the cutest. Recipe here.

6. Chicken Tikka Masala

For days when something simple just won’t do. Recipe here.

7. Pinot Grigio Chicken with Honey Citrus Glaze

Use a cast iron skillet, or get indoor grill marks with a grill pan. Recipe here.

8. Chicken with Artichokes and Angel Hair

Recipe here.

9. Thai Ginger Chicken Salad

Recipe here.

10. Lettuce Cups with Stir-Fried Chicken

It’s bikini season, after all. Recipe here.

11. Chicken and Mushroom Marsala

If you think you don’t like marsala, you’ve never tasted it done right. Recipe here.

12. Quick Chicken and Vegetable Stew with Grits

For a rainy summer day. Recipe here.

13. Chicken and Sugar Snap Pea Stir-Fry

This entire dish needs to be on the heat for about eight minutes. Recipe here.

14. Simple Chicken Quesadillas

Marinating the chicken in pineapple juice before cooking makes it super tender. Recipe here.

15. Chinese Chicken Salad

Recipe here.

16. Chicken Fajitas with Thai Mango Slaw and Coconut Rice

Recipe here.

18. Pot Roasted Chicken

An oven-free hack for when your roast chicken cravings get the better of you. Recipe here.

19. Chicken Pad Thai

Step 1: Buy a bottle of fish sauce. Step 2: Realize how amazing it is and proceed to put it in everything you cook. Recipe here.

20. Orange-Glazed Chicken Tenders

Recipe here.

21. Chicken Milanese with Corn and Tomato Summer Salad

HOT TIP: Microwave un-husked corn on high for three minutes, and save yourself the hassle of boiling a pot of water. Recipe here.

22. Poached Chicken, Pear, and Walnut Salad

If you’re feeling fancy. Recipe here.

23. Habanero Chicken Tacos

Two more, please. Recipe here.

24. Chicken Paella

Yes, there’s seafood in there. The best part about paella, though, is that you can use whatever kind of meat you want. Recipe here.

25. Coconut Poached Chicken and Mango Salad

PSA: Chicken salad does not have to involve dangerous amounts of mayonnaise. Recipe here.

26. Balsamic Poached Chicken

Recipe here.

27. Spinach and Chicken Curry

Recipe here.

28. Summer Vegetable and Chicken Hash

Breakfast for dinner! Recipe here.

29. Coconut Crunch Chicken Strips

A kids meal that finally decided to grow up. Recipe here.

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